STIs

There are approximately 30 STIs that are now identified. STIs are more common than colds and flu. It is estimated that approximately 10 million teens and young adults ages 15 to 24 will be newly infected with an STI this year. Compared to adults, sexually active teens and young adults are at a higher risk for getting STIs, mostly due to what they do, how their bodies function and the pressure that is put on them to be sexually active (Source: CDC, Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance, 2016).

What is a sexually transmitted infection?

An STI is an infectious condition that is passed from one person to another person during sexual activity. This includes anal, oral, and vaginal sex, and in some cases intimate skin-to-skin contact.

Bacterial STDs/STIs  are curable if properly diagnosed and treated by a doctor. People with curable STIs may not receive the proper medical treatment because they don’t know they are infected.

Viral STDs/STIs cannot be cured, but sometimes the symptoms can be treated.  Viral STIs can be transmitted during sexual activity even if no symptoms of disease are present.

What are the possible results of an STD/STI?

  • Pain
  • Damage to organs
  • Damage to unborn babies
  • Infertility
  • Cancer
  • Embarrassment
  • Miscarriages
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

What are the different types of STIs?

Bacterial

  • bacterial vaginosis
  • campylobacteriosis
  • chancroid
  • chlamydia
  • Donovanosis
  • gonorrhea
  • lymphogranuloma venereum
  • mycoplasmas, genital
  • salmonellosis
  • syphilis
  • treponematoses, endemic

Ectoparasitic

  • pubic lice
  • scabies

Fungal

  • candidiasis
  • vulvovaginal

Protozoal

  • amebiasis
  • cryptosporidium
  • giardiasis
  • trichomoniasis

Viral

  • cytomegalovirus
  • Epstein Barr virus
  • hepatitis A
  • hepatitis B
  • hepatitis C
  • hepatitis D
  • herpes simplex virus
  • human immunodeficiency virus
  • human papillomavirus
  • human T-cell lymphotropic virus
  • molluscum cantagiosum

Some of these STI’s can be contracted through other means, not only sexual activity.